What is the cardiomyopathy of the heart?

cardiologist in kolkata

Cardiomyopathy is a heart disease of the muscles that do not cause blood in our whole body. Cardiomyopathy may have a heart attack. It is called simple language weakness.

These are mainly of three types – “dilated”, “hypertrophic” and “restrictive cardiomyopathy”. It is treated with medicines, surgery performed by the body in the body and in the very serious problem of heart transplantation. Heart transplant depends on what type of cardiomyopathy you are and how severe it is.

Let me tell you, If you face any Issue then you consult with the best cardiologist in Kolkata. Or where you are living in the city. You can get help on Credihealth website. It is providing best doctors information from top hospitals in India.

Types of Cardiomyopathy

Dilated cardiomyopathy – In this type of cardiomyopathy, the “left ventricle” of the heart grows in size and can not transmit blood in a manner.
These disorders can happen to anyone, but these are mainly in the middle-aged people. These diseases are more likely to be men. The most common cause of dilated cardiomyopathy is to have a heart attack or coronary artery disease.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy – In this type of cardiomyopathy, your heart muscles become thick, which affects your heart’s main blood transfusion center (left ventricle). With the heart muscles becoming thick, they can not do it in their own way.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can occur at any age but if this condition comes into childhood then a very serious problem arises. In many patients, this problem is family-safe and some genetic mutations can also have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Restrictive cardiomyopathy – In this type of cardiomyopathy, the muscles are not normal and become strident. Because of this, the muscles can not spread and blood is not filled in these muscles in the time between heartbeats. These types of people are seen in very few people, but these are mostly problems occurring in the elderly.

Restrictive cardiomyopathy can occur without any reason, or if there is any other disease in the body which has an effect on the heart such that iron is collected in the muscles of the heart, this can also cause reactive cardiomyopathy.

Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia – This kind of cardiomyopathy is very rare. In the lower part of the heart, right muscles of the ventricle change from “scar tissue” (a layer of skin on the wound after injury). Because of this not beating heart. This disease is caused by genetic mutation.

Unclassified cardiomyopathy

Other types of cardiomyopathy come in this category.

Symptoms of Cardiomyopathy- In the early stages of cardiomyopathy, symptoms are not necessary. But as the problem becomes serious, the symptoms begin to appear. The symptoms of heart weakness are as follows:

  • Breathe too much while running or resting
  • Swelling of the lips, ankles, and feet
  • Feeling exhausted
  • Heartbeat beats very fast
  • Feeling pressure on the chest
  • Dizziness and unconsciousness
  • Flatulence of fluid accumulation in the stomach
  • Coughing while lying down

Cardiomyopathy Causes – Often, the reason for the heart’s weakness is not known. In some people, it may be due to some other problem or it has come from children with their parents.

The factors contributing to the following cardiomyopathy are:

  • Having high BP problem for a long time
  • Cardiac destruction of heart cells due to heart attack
  • High heartbeat
  • Problems with heart valves
  • Problems related to digestion such as obesity, thyroid, and diabetes
  • Lack of vitamins and minerals needed in the body such as Vitamin B1
  • Problems during pregnancy
  • Too much alcohol consumption for many years
  • Cocaine, “amphetamine” (medicines given in mental illness, should not be taken without saying the doctor) or “anabolic steroids” (medicines are taken to repair digestion).
  • Chemotherapy medicines and radiation is taken to repair cancer
  • Infections that feel burning in the heart
  • Iron deposits in the heart muscles called hemochromatosis
  • Feeling irritation in the heart and other organs and increasing tissue flakes (sarcoidosis; sarcoidosis)
  • Increasing abnormal proteins, which is called Amyloidosis
  • Connective tissue disorders

Why do the feelings of weakness increase due to the heart?

The following things increase the risk of cardiomyopathy. like:

  • If someone in the family has this disease
  • Hi BP for a long time
  • Factors that affect the heart such as a heart attack, artery disease or an infection in the heart
  • Obesity, through which heart-breaking work becomes difficult (Read more – measures to reduce obesity)
  • Longtime alcohol addiction
  • Eating drugs, such as cocaine, amphetamine, and anabolic steroids
  • Some Chemotherapy Medicines and Radiation Therapy for Cancer
  • Diabetes, working less or better with the thyroid gland, or a disorder that begins to accumulate more amounts of iron in the body. (Read more – Thyroid Diet Chart)
  • Other cardiovascular disorders such as elevated abnormalities (amyloidosis), feeling burning in the heart and other organs and growing tissue flakes (sarcoidosis).

Prevention of Cardiomyopathy-

  • Do not eat cocaine and alcohol (Read more – Loss of alcohol)
  • Reduce high BP, high cholesterol and diabetes (read more – avoiding diabetes)
  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Exercise daily
  • Complete sleep
  • Do not stay in stress
Diagnosis of Cardiomyopathy

How is cardiomyopathy tested?

Your doctor will do your physical examination, check the medical condition of you and your family, and ask you when do you see symptoms of heartburn? As such, if you have symptoms when exercising, tell your doctor. If your doctor thinks you have cardiomyopathy, then he will do the following test:

Chest X-ray – The chest X-ray shows whether your heart has increased or not.

Echocardiogram – The echocardiogram sends the waves of sound, which makes their image collide with the heart. It reveals the size of the heart and the rest of the activities. This test checks your heart valves and looks for the cause of your symptoms.

Electrocardiogram (ECG; Electrocardiogram) – In this test, no instrument is inserted in your body, the doctor puts electrode patch on your body, which shows the electrical rays emitting from your heart. The ECG shows that there is some abnormality in the electrical activities of your heart or not. The ECG gets to know about your unusual heartbeat and if any part is hurt, then it is known.

Treadmill Stress Test- When you walk on the treadmill, your heartbeat, BP and breathing speed are detected. To see your doctor’s symptoms, to see your ability to exercise and to see that exercising, your heartbeats are not unusual, doctors can do these tests. (Read More – Exercise Benefits)

Cardiac catheterization – By inserting a thin tube (catheter) in the middle of the thigh and abdomen, it is brought from between the blood vessels to the heart. The doctor can send a small piece of meat from your heart to the laboratory for examination (biopsy). The doctor can check the swelling between the 4 areas of your heart, which can tell you how fast your heart is sending blood to the rest of the body.

Doctors may insert dye in your blood vessels so that their diagram shows in X-ray (coronary angiography). This test is done so that you can know that there is no interruption in your blood vessels.

Blood Test – Several blood tests are performed to treat cardiomyopathy. Those blood tests are done to check your kidneys, thyroid, and liver.
   A blood test can measure “B-type natriuretic peptide; BNP”, it is a protein that is formed in your heart. The amount of BNP can be higher in blood when you have a heart attack which is a common complication of cardiomyopathy.

Genetic testing or screening- Children with cardiomyopathy may also come in. Consult your doctor about genetic testing. They can detect this disease by genetic testing of your parents, siblings, and children.

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