Khasra (Rubioola, Morbili, Red measles; measles) is a viral infection of the respiratory system. Measles is a highly infectious disease that spreads due to exposure to infected mucus and saliva. When the infected person coughs or sneezes, the infection spreads in the air. This is a transition disease in childhood. Measles, which was previously a very common disease; Now measles virus can be prevented from vaccine (vaccine).
Usually infection is cured in approximately 7 to 10 days. The measles virus can remain on the surface for several hours. Since the infected particles spread to the air and are on the surfaces, so the person with the proximity can easily get infected.
According to the WHO, there are 71,726 cases of measles in India in the year 2016. Vaccination of measles under the universal immunization program is defined in 2 doses:
First dose in 9-12 months and second dose in 16-24 months.
The transition occurs in two to three weeks and in sequential phases.
Infections and incubation: For the first 10 to 14 days of infection, measles process the virus. You will not notice any symptoms of measles during this time.
Inappropriate signs and symptoms: The measles usually starts with light and moderate fever, frequent coughing, running nose, swelling of eyes (conjunctivitis) and sore throat. This relatively light / normal disease can last for two to three days.
Acute illness and rash / dizziness: There are small red spots in the donation, some of which are slightly elevated. The group of grains and pebbles looks like a red spot on the skin. The first spreads on the face, especially behind the ears and towards the side of the head.
Over the next few days, the rash spreads over the hands and upper body and then on the thighs and feet. At the same time, the fever also increases rapidly, often more than 104 to 105.8 degrees. The measles rash slowly begins to vanish from the face and becomes less.
Communicable: A person who has measles can spread the virus to others for about eight days, which starts four days before the rash and remains for four days after the rash remains.
Symptoms of Measles (Rubeola)
There are signs of measles after 10 to 14 days of exposure to the virus. The symptoms of measles usually include:
- fever. (Read more – Home remedies of fever)
- Dry cough
- running nose.
- Sore throat
- Swelling in eyes (conjunctivitis);
- In the interior of the cheek and mouth, small white spots (stains) with blue-white centers on the red surface – also called koplik spots.
- On the skin, a type of bite (grains) that are made from large and flat bones and spots and often flow in each other.
The symptoms of measles also depend on its phase. This information is provided above, please read it.
Causes of Measles (Rubeola)
The cause of measles is a virus (Rubioola virus); Which replicates the nose and throat of the infected child or adult.
When someone with measles coughing, sneezing or talking, the infected droplets spread to the air, which the other person takes in during breathing. Infected drops can also occur on any surface, where they remain active and contagious for several hours. After touching the infected surface, you can get infected with the virus by putting your fingers in your mouth or nose, or by rubbing your eyes.
Prevention of Measles (Rubeola)
- All children are required to get measles virus vaccine vaccine.
- Since measles are highly contagious four days before the rupture or rupture of the grain, those people who are measles should not return to work during this period and do not come in contact with others.
- Those who are not immunized (for example – brother or sister), they should stay away from the infected person.
Diagnosis of Measles (Rubeola)
Best Pediatrician in Jaipur can usually diagnose measles on the basis of illness symptoms. If necessary, take a blood test, which can confirm whether these tests and genes are actually measles.
Measles (Rubeola) Treatment
- Post-Disease Vaccination: Babies and those people who have not got measles virus vaccine should be vaccinated within 72 hours of this disease so that they are safe from the disease. If measles increases even after vaccine, then it will usually be for minor, normal and short term.
- Immune Serum Globulin: People with impaired women, infants and weak immune systems may be given injections of a protein (antibody) called immune serum globulin after coming into the grip of the virus. If given within six days of contact of the virus, this antibody can stop measles or make symptoms less severe.
- Sources of fever blight: paracetamol, ibuprofen (ibuprofen-: advil, mothrin, etc.) or naproxen (naproxen-: elev).
- Relax to strengthen your immune system
- Take as much fluid (6 to 8 glasses of water a day)
- Take humidifier for cough and sore throat and pain reduction.
- Get vitamin A supplement.
- Calamine lotions can be used to relieve itching and burning. (Read more – Household remedies to remove itching)
- But contact the doctor before any kind of treatment.
Measles (Rubeola) Risks & Complications
The following people are more at risk than measles:
To be conditioned – If you have not had measles vaccine, then you are more likely to have this disease.
International Travel-: If you travel to developing countries, where measles is more common, then you are at greater risk of getting sick.
Vitamin A deficiency-: If your diet does not contain enough vitamin A, then you have more chances of getting infected with measles.
Following are the complications related to measles:
Ear infection– one of the most common complications of measles is bacterial ear infection.
Bronchitis, laryngitis or croup -: measles swelling in your voice box (swelling), causes inflammation in internal walls, underlining the main airway of the lung (bronchial tubes).
Pneumonia – Pneumonia is a common complication of measles. People with weak immune systems can develop a particularly dangerous type of pneumonia that can sometimes be fatal. (Read more – Measures to avoid pneumonia)
Encephalitis – 1 out of 1,000 people with measles are encephalitis, which causes vomiting, convulsions, and severe cases of coma or death. Encephalitis can occur even after measles or even after this month.
Pregnancy problems– If you are pregnant, then you need special care to avoid measles, as this disease can lead to low weight of abortion, pre-labor or child born. (Read more – Ways to conceive)
Decrease in platelets count (thrombocytopenia; thrombocytopenia) – may cause a reduction in measles platelets (type of blood cells needed for blood clots).
What to avoid during Measles (Rubeola)
- Avoid work and relax completely.
- Do not get in touch with others because this disease can spread.
- Avoid watching TV which can be detrimental to your eyes.
- Stay away from outdoor meals, junk foods, spices and dessert, and processed foods (which contain high amounts of sodium).
- Stay away from carbonated beverages, coffee, oily foods containing oily fats.
What to eat during Measles (Rubeola)
- It is advisable to take full fruit in the early days of measles. Especially that lemon and orange; Vitamin C and fiber are the most beneficial.
- The patient can also be kept on soft or soft diet. Fruits such as melon, grapefruit and grapes are highly beneficial.
- Non-spice soup and whole grain porridge should be given in the food.
- Take as much fluid (6 to 8 glasses of water a day)