Most common skin diseases

Skin is the outer covering of the human body and the largest organ of the body. Its function is to provide protection and receive sensory stimuli from the external environment. The skin disorders can vary greatly in symptoms and severity. The conditions can be temporary or permanent, painful or painless. Some skin conditions are acute and some are life-threatening. There are numerous skin disorders that might have similar symptoms but are entirely different in their etiology. Hence, it becomes imperative for the patient to consult the dermatologist as soon as they detect any abnormality on the skin.

Some of the most common skin diseases are described below:


This is the most common skin condition that occurs in the form of breakouts on the skin which might be composed of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, deep cysts or nodules. Acne may leave a scar or darken the skin if untreated. These mainly occur on the face, neck, shoulder, chest, and upper back.

As per some of the best Dermatologist in India (Skin Doctors), the acne may be attributed to following causes in most of the cases:

  • excess production of oil (sebum)
  • bacteria
  • hormones
  • dead skin cells
  • ingrown hairs

Acnes are commonly treated with topical medications, creams or ointments as prescribed by the doctor.


These are red painful, fluid-filled blisters that occur near the mouth and lips. The affected portion has tingling or burning sensation before the sore gets visible. This may also be accompanied with mild, flu-like symptoms such as low fever, body aches, and swollen lymph nodes.

Visible cold sores are contagious, but they may be spread even when they can’t be seen. You can get the herpes simplex virus by coming in contact with infected individuals. This may happen through kissing, sharing cosmetics, or sharing food. Oral sex may spread both cold sores and genital herpes.

Cold sore is primarily caused by the herpes simplex virus and genital herpes which has no definite cure. The cold sores may last for up to 2 weeks. Treatment includes prescribed cream and medications.









These are the skin lesions that occur in the form of raised welts most commonly after an allergic reaction. Other possible reasons can be such as stress, illnesses, or even tight clothes. Hives are treated with antihistamines and preventive practices. They can be small, round, ring-shaped, large or in any random shape. Hives are of following types :

  • Allergic reactions
  • Anaphylaxis
  • Chronic hives
  • Dermatographism
  • Temperature-induced hives
  • Infection-induced hives


actinic keratosis








These are typically less than 2 cm, thick, scaly or crusty skin patch. These appear on parts of the body that receive a lot of sun exposure such as hands, arms, face, scalp, and neck. They are usually pink in color but can have a brown or grey base.

Treatment may include:

  • Cryosurgery
  • Surgical removal and biopsy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Chemical peel
  • Dermabrasion
  • Immunomodulatory therapy










This is a fungal infection caused by a microorganism called Candida albicans.

Irritated patches of skin are usually found in the armpits, groin, or under folds of skin such as the knee.

The top dermatologists in India recommend Antifungal creams to clear the skin infection. They can contain antifungal drugs such as clotrimazole, miconazole, and econazole.

A steroid cream may also be given to help ease any itching or swelling. The skin should also be kept dry while recovering. In cases where the infection is widespread, oral fluconazole pills may be prescribed.


Measles is the red rashes spreading from the face down the body. The rashes occur 3 to 5 days after other symptoms that include fever, sore throat, red, watery eyes, loss of appetite, cough or a runny nose. Some tiny red spots with blue-white centers may also appear inside the mouth.

This is an airborne viral infection which goes away on its own within 7 to 10 days. However, the treatment can be given based on the symptoms.


basal cell carcinoma









This kind of lesions occurs on those parts of the skin that are highly exposed to the sun. This type of lesions rarely spread to the skin of other parts, but tend to spread into the bone and other tissues that are underneath the skin. They occur in the form of skin growth in dome-shaped that has blood vessels in it. The lesions are fragile and tend to bleed easily. The treatment options may include:

  • Surgical removal
  • Curettage and desiccation
  • Cryosurgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Mohs surgery
  • Topical medications
  • Oral medications

Some of the top dermatology hospitals in India are famous for treating several complex skin conditions. You must visit the nearest skin hospital as soon as you observe any skin abnormality.

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