Kawasaki Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Kawasaki disease is a kind of defect which causes irritation or pain in arteries, veins, and capillaries. In this disease, your lymph nodes get affected and cause spread symptoms in your nose, mouth, and throat. In most of the cases, doctors have found that Kawasaki disease is the main cause of heart disease in children.
According to a Foundation, it was concluded that approx 4,200 children in the United States get affected by Kawasaki disease every year. Kawasaki disease is also one of the most common heart diseases that affect the boys more than it affects girls. However, Kawasaki disease can affect children and teenagers as well as all racial and ethnic backgrounds.
In most of the cases, doctors have declared that children will recover within a few days after treatment without facing any serious problems. But in case if you leave it untreated, then Kawasaki disease may lead to serious heart disease. If you are reading this article then you must be here to know about Kawasaki disease then guys you are at the correct place because below in this article we are going to compile everything about Kawasaki disease.
Symptoms of Kawasaki disease: –
Signs and symptoms of Kawasaki disease depend upon the severity of the defects and symptoms usually appear in three phases.
In the first phase of Kawasaki disease signs and symptoms may include:
Your baby can suffer from the fever that is often higher than 102.2 F (39 C)
You can notice the color of your baby’s eyes which can be extremely red
You may also notice kind of rash on the main part of the body and in the genital area
Your baby may have red, dry and cracked lips with extremely red color, also there is swelling in their tongue.
You baby may have swelling and red skin on the palms of the hands and same with the below of the feet
Swollen lymph nodes in the neck and Irritability
If your baby comes in the second phase then, your child may develop:
You may notice the condition of peel in the skin of the hands and feet, also at the tips of the fingers and toes
You baby may suffer from joint pain
Your baby also may have diarrhea
Vomiting and Abdominal pain
In the third period of the illness, signs, and symptoms gradually leave except if complexities create. It might be up to about two months before vitality levels appear to be ordinary once more.
When you should consult with your doctor?
If you notice that your child is suffering from high fever for lasts more than three days, then you should consult with your child’s doctor also you may notice more of the following signs and symptoms:
- Baby’s eyes can be extremely red of both eyes
- A very red, swollen tongue
- Redness of the palms or soles
- Skin peeling
- A rash
- Swollen lymph nodes
Causes of Kawasaki disease; –
What exactly happens in Kawasaki disease is that the blood vessels throughout and baby’s body become inflamed. This kind of condition can damage the coronary arteries which are the vessels that carry blood to the human heart.
In the case of Kawasaki disease, it doesn’t just damage your baby’s heart but it can also irritate with lymph nodes, skin, and lining of the mouth, nose, and throat.
Yet, physicians haven’t found any exact reason for Kawasaki disease. But according to their experience with Kawasaki cases, they have said it’s probably linked to genetics, exposure to viruses and bacteria, and other environmental factors, such as chemicals and irritants.
To have a proper diagnose of Kawasaki disease, then there must be a condition of fever for 5 or more days as well as you or your baby’s doctor may notice the situation of Conjunctivitis, changes in the color of lips or mouth, the size of lymph nodes in the neck and swelling in the hands or soles of feet
Yet, even doctors don’t have any specific test that can confirm the Kawasaki disease. But when your baby’s doctors notice the above symptoms then he or she may consider to carry out a physical examination. Such as they can consider you to have blood and other tests to ensure an elevated white blood count in the body, Inflammation in the joints and to check the presence of protein or white blood cells in the urine.
After this if your doctors find anything critical then he or she may suggest you some several tests that may be carried out include:
Urine test: this test can help to identify whether the symptoms are for Kawasaki disease or something else.
Platelet count: Platelets are called for cells that are present in the blood which combines to help stop bleeding, and in the case of Kawasaki, the platelet count is very high.
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) test: in this test doctors take a sample of red blood cells and placed it into a test tube of liquid. If it is not taking much time for the red blood cells to fall to the bottom then this would be the sign of the inflammatory condition, such as Kawasaki.
C-reactive protein (CRP) test: A high level of C-reactive protein in the blood, produced by the liver, can indicate inflammation.
Treatment of Kawasaki disease: –
To avoid any complications, your child’s doctor would like to start treatment for Kawasaki disease as soon as possible just after seeing the signs and symptoms. The main agenda of the treatment is to lower the fever and inflammation and prevent heart damage.
To accomplish these goals, your child’s doctor may recommend:
Aspirin: – the doctor may suggest your baby have high doses of aspirin that may help in the treatment of inflammation. Aspirin can also help in the reduction of pain and joint inflammation, as well as reduce the fever. Kawasaki treatment is an uncommon exemption to the standard against ibuprofen use in kids however just when given under the supervision of your youngster’s primary care physician.