There is an opinion that migraine is a disease of aristocrats, a sort of caprice of people with an excess of
free time. And we, working people, have no time to suffer from some kind of headache! However, only
those whom this attack has not touched think so. Signs of migraine Indeed, many people call migraine a
headache, but this is fundamentally wrong. A number of factors distinguish migraine from the usual
indisposition due to overwork or hypertension. Localization of pain. This feature is reflected in the very
name of the disease: migraine or migraine meaning (Migraine meaning in Hindi) is half of the head. One
of the distinguishing features of migraine is the localization of pain that covers only one hemisphere or
part of it.
Migraine is characterized by intense throbbing pain. Many patients say that the sensations resemble an
attack of acute toothache, but, of course, have a different location. The power of pain. A migraine attack
literally knocks down, depriving a person of the opportunity to engage in any kind of useful activity. The
condition may be accompanied by light and noise: sounds and bright light lead to increased pain.
Main triggers of migraines
• Neurological factors: Lead to a migraine attack stress, fatigue, intense emotions
• Nutritional factors: alcohol like sparkling wines, champagne, cider. These drinks containing
gas, accelerating the absorption of alcohol. Can lead to an attack and the use of a number of
products, among them – nuts, chocolate, cheese, fish.
• Hormonal drugs: Often a migraine attack is accompanied by hormonal contraceptives.
Disruption of sleep. And it does not matter if a violation of the regime is expressed in lack of sleep
or its excess.
• External factors: To provoke an attack can weather changes, fluctuations in atmospheric
pressure. A trip to another climate zone. If you are prone to migraine attacks, be sure to consider
the last factor when planning long-distance travel and travel.
Types of A Migraine
The international classification of diseases distinguishes between these types of migraines-
1. A Regular migraine: Regular Migraine (migraine without aura) is a localized throbbing headache. It
is considered the most common form, although it is not possible to calculate the exact proportion
of the total number of migraine diseases.
2. Classical migraine: Classical Migraine (migraine with aura), in this case, the aura is a complex
of specific sensations preceding the attack and accompanying it. Specific manifestations of aura
are purely individual and can be visual (seeming zigzags, multi-colored spots, flashes of light),
sound (“ringing in the ears”), tactile (tingling and numbness), olfactory, taste.
3. Other migraine: this category includes such specific types as retinal migraine (accompanied by
the appearance of a blind spot in one or two eyes), ophthalmoplegic migraine (pain in the optic
nerve) and other rare species. Effects of migraines As noted above, a long-term attack of
complicated migraine can end with a migraine stroke.
Symptoms of Migraine
The most common migraine symptoms are given below-
• Throbbing or pulsating Pain
• Light sensitivity
• Sound sensitivity
• Pain on One Side
• Vision Changes or Blurred Vision
Who is at risk?
According to the WHO , the disease affects people in puberty and reaches a peak by the age of 35–45
years. It is noteworthy that women are more susceptible to migraines. The number of visits to the doctor
about this disease from women are recorded twice as often. It was also established that migraine has a
genetic nature, therefore, heredity plays a large role in the probability of occurrence of the disease.
How to treat migraine
The means and methods of therapy As with other types of headaches, the diagnosis of migraine is
based largely on the complaints of patients and does not require additional examination. The basis of the
diagnosis is a thorough questioning of the patient and a reconciliation of complaints with the symptoms
indicated in the International Classifier of Headaches.
In most cases diagnosis of migraine is possible only on the basis of patient complaints. Because of this,
according to WHO estimates, only 40% of patients receive the correct diagnosis.
Migraine medications are used to eliminate the symptoms of the disease – to eliminate severe pain. For
migraines with aura, the drug can be taken in advance to avoid a seizure or soften it.
All drugs used for migraine can be divided into main groups: Analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Triptans (derivatives of 5-hydroxytryptamine)
These drugs stop the vasospasm by acting on the vascular wall, blocking the pain signal at the level of
the trigeminal receptor. Triptans are remarkable in that they relieve the symptoms of a complicated
migraine – light and noise fear, nausea and vomiting. They are also specific anti-migraine drugs.
Migraine is known to mankind from time immemorial, and all these countless years of ongoing human
struggle with this disease. Although it was not possible to defeat the disease, unfortunately, until now,
methods of physiotherapy have been developed, allowing to reduce suffering to the minimum possible.
The course always begins with the minimum frequency, dosage, duration … The intensity of exposure
increases gradually, taking into account the results of the previous session of therapy. Physiotherapy
sessions are conducted based on the diagnosed cause of the disease and according to different
schemes. So, the doctor can assist in the periods between the attacks.
Acupressure, or acupressure
The method consists in acting (directly with your fingers or special stacks) on biologically active points,
each of which causes a response that has been tested for years in the body. Acupuncture or
acupuncture. Impact on bioactive points is the thinnest sterile needles. Due to the fact that the needles
are thin and sharp, the procedure is almost painless. Massage Tuyna. In case of migraine, the massage
of the neck and collar zone and the shoulder girdle is especially effective.
Migraine, as you can see, is a serious disease that has a significant toxic effect on life. Since modern
medicine cannot defeat this disease completely, you can learn to live with a migraine and even enjoy life.
We hope that our advice will contribute to this.